Moths of North Carolina
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86 NC Records

Enyo lugubris (Linnaeus, 1771) - Mournful Sphinx


Taxonomy
Superfamily: Bombycoidea Family: SphingidaeSubfamily: MacroglossinaeTribe: DilophonotiniP3 Number: 890172.00 MONA Number: 7851.00
Comments: A genus of 8 species, perhaps associated incorrectly, but two species occur in the United States and only one in North Carolina.
Identification
Field Guide Descriptions: Covell (1984)Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, BAMONATechnical Description, Adults: Hodges (1971); Tuttle (2007)Technical Description, Immature Stages: Tuttle (2007). Not described by Forbes (1948) or Wagner (2005).                                                                                 
Adult Markings: This small, heavy-bodied sphinx is smoky brown -- darker beyond the straight postmedian line -- and possess a white discal spot. Unlikely to be confused with any other species. Sexes are similar.
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: Larvae are various shades of green with a pale subdorsal stripe and the usual sphingid pattern of pale obleique lines along the sides of the body. The head is conspicuously small, with the body narrowing towards the head from the fourth abdominal segment (see Tuttle, 2007) for details. Pupation occurs underground.
Larvae ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos, especially where associated with known host plants.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution: A migratory species that has been recorded primarily along the coast, especially the southern portion near the mouth of the Cape Fear River. The record from the northern Mountains, however, indicates that it could show up anywhere in the state.
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Immature Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Flight Comments: Like most migrants it begins to show up in early summer and by fall is here in large numbers.
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: The majority of our records come from open habitats on barrier islands and sand ridges located in the tidewater area. The few records we have from other areas -- all from the northern Mountains -- probably represent migratory strays.
Larval Host Plants: Vitaceae, particularly wild grape and Virginia creeper.
Observation Methods: Comes to lights and nectars at flowers; a large sassanqua shrub is likely to have a dozen or more moths flying around its blossoms like a flock of hummingbirds. particularly noticeable late in the growing season. Not found at baits.
Wikipedia
See also Habitat Account for General Vitaceous Tangles
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: G5 [SU]
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
Comments: The species breeds in North Carolina but rarely overwinters. Distribution of breeding populations needs to be documented but are probably are not of conservation concern, given that the species does not appear to be a permanent resident.

 Photo Gallery for Enyo lugubris - Mournful Sphinx

45 photos are available. Only the most recent 30 are shown.

Recorded by: Caleb Garner on 2022-11-10
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Caleb Garner on 2022-11-10
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2022-11-01
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2022-10-16
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2022-10-04
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2022-09-17
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2021-12-17
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2021-11-15
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2021-10-29
Pender Co.
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Recorded by: Karlena Briggs on 2021-10-13
Onslow Co.
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Recorded by: Karlena Briggs on 2021-10-13
Onslow Co.
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Recorded by: Karlena Briggs on 2021-10-13
Onslow Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2021-10-10
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: tom ward on 2021-10-02
Buncombe Co.
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Recorded by: Morgan Freese on 2021-09-25
New Hanover Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2021-09-17
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2021-09-04
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2020-11-16
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2020-11-11
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Taylor on 2020-11-06
Beaufort Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Taylor on 2020-11-06
Beaufort Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2020-11-03
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2020-11-03
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: Susannah Goldston on 2020-10-24
Chatham Co.
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Recorded by: Barbara McRae on 2020-09-30
Macon Co.
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Recorded by: Barbara McRae on 2020-09-30
Macon Co.
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Recorded by: Betty Thomas on 2020-09-15
Mecklenburg Co.
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Recorded by: Betty Thomas on 2020-09-15
Mecklenburg Co.
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Recorded by: Simpson Eason on 2020-08-26
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Michael Carroll on 2019-09-16
Onslow Co.
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