Moths of North Carolina
Scientific Name:
Common Name:
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View PDFErebidae Members:
Zanclognatha Members:
57 NC Records

Zanclognatha protumnusalis (Walker, 1859) - No Common Name

Superfamily: Noctuoidea Family: ErebidaeSubfamily: HerminiinaeP3 Number: 930496.00 MONA Number: 8349.00
Comments: One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; 2013; Wagner and McCabe, 2011), all of which have been recorded in North Carolina
Field Guide Descriptions: Beadle and Leckie (2012)Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google, BAMONA, GBIF, BOLD                                                                                 
Adult Markings: The ground color is dull, dark fuscous (Forbes, 1954). The antemedian is waved on the veins and strongly excurved. The postmedian is dark and somewhat dentate and the subterminal is usually clear and pale. Zanclognatha obscuripennis is similar in color and has a prominently pale subterminal line. However, the antemedian line in that species runs straight from just below the costa to just before the inner margin. Zanclognatha dentata is also very similar, with some individuals indistinguishable based on outward appearance alone. However, it usually lacks the dark shade in front of the postmedian, which also makes a more rounded bend in from the costa. The reniform spot is usually rounded distally rather than concave (Wagner and McCabe, 2011).
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Our records come almost entirely from bottomlands, coves, and mesic slopes
Larval Host Plants: Wagner et al. (2011) report rearing larvae of this species on dead oak and black cherry leaves. In Canada, larvae have been reported feeding on conifer leaves (D. Lafontaine, cited by Wagner et al., 2011) - View
See also Habitat Account for General Wet-Mesic Hardwood Forests
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: G5 S4S5
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.

 Photo Gallery for Zanclognatha protumnusalis - No common name

Photos: 13

Recorded by: Jim Petranka on 2022-08-21
Madison Co.
Recorded by: Jim Petranka on 2021-08-27
Madison Co.
Recorded by: Jim Petranka on 2021-08-27
Madison Co.
Recorded by: tom ward on 2021-07-28
Buncombe Co.
Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2021-06-29
Wake Co.
Recorded by: Darryl Willis on 2021-05-28
Cabarrus Co.
Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2020-09-03
Guilford Co.
Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2020-08-16
Madison Co.
Recorded by: Simpson Eason on 2019-05-08
Durham Co.
Recorded by: Steve Dowlan on 2018-08-06
Watauga Co.
Recorded by: Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf on 2015-06-05
Durham Co.
Recorded by: Doug Blatny / Jackie Nelson on 2013-08-21
Ashe Co.
Recorded by: Paul Scharf on 2011-05-24
Warren Co.