Moths of North Carolina
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View PDFNoctuidae Members:
Papaipema Members:
3 NC Records

Papaipema insulidens (Bird, 1902) - Ragwort Stem Borer Moth

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Superfamily: Noctuoidea Family: NoctuidaeSubfamily: NoctuinaeTribe: ApameiniP3 Number: 932480.00 MONA Number: 9488.00 MONA Synonym: Papaipema birdi
Comments: One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North Carolina
Field Guide Descriptions: Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google, BAMONA, GBIF, BOLD                                                                                 
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Three of our records come from valley bottom habitats in the Mountains; one other comes from a high elevation, semi-natural meadow
Larval Host Plants: Larvae are reported to feed on Senecio species (Robinson et al., 2010), but this is erroneous and may reflect confusion with closely related forms such as P. birdi. Instead, this species feeds on various plants in the Apiaceae (carrot) family, including Spotted Water-hemlock (Cicuta maculata), Purple-stem Angelica (Angelica atropurpurea), and Hemlock Water-parsnip (Sium suave). - View
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status: W3
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: GU [S2S3]
State Protection: