The Dragonflies and Damselflies of North Carolina
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North Carolina's 189 Odonate species

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Sort Species by: Family   Scientific Name       [ Undocumented ]
Related Species in GOMPHIDAE: Number of records for 2023 = 0
Added in 2023 from a previous years = 6

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Banner Clubtail (Hylogomphus apomyius) by Mark Shields
Compare with: Spine-crowned Clubtail   Piedmont Clubtail  
Identification Tips: Move the cursor over the image, or tap the image if using a mobile device, to reveal ID Tips.
Note: these identification tips apply specifically to mature males; features may differ in immature males and in females.

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Map
Click on county for list of all its records for Banner Clubtail
Flight Charts
Distribution Primarily found in the southwestern quarter of the Coastal Plain, ranging northeastward to the west-central Coastal Plain, and also into the southeastern Piedmont -- west to Catawba and Gaston counties. A photograph in 2019 established a new record for Surry County in the northwestern Piedmont, quite a surprising extension of the range. It is absent from coastal counties. NC lies at the northeastern end of the range, and thus Wilson, Granville (newly found in 2021), and Surry form the northern border of the range.
Abundance Uncommon, at least in former years; might now be better stated "rare to uncommon and somewhat poorly known", as there are no recent records for nearly all of the Piedmont nor for the west-central Coastal Plain. Records are increasing in recent years, owing to more observers, including photos on iNaturalist, and clearly not rare in the southwestern Coastal Plain. Dunkle (2000) calls the species "scarce", and Beaton (2007) calls it "rare and local" in its range in Georgia.
Flight Ranges from very early April to early June in the Coastal Plain. In the Piedmont, the flight appears to be slightly narrower -- mid-April to late May.
Habitat Generally in clean streams and rivers with sandy or gravelly bottoms.

See also Habitat Account for General Rivers and Large Streams
Behavior Males perch on rocks or other perches close to rivers and streams. They are most active early in the morning and toward dusk.
Comments This is one of the smaller clubtails (only up to 1.5 inches in length). Males have a very wide club. Despite its range occurring close to the locations of many biologists, it is poorly known to most persons, and thus the N.C. Natural Heritage Program has the species on its Watch List. The species can be easily confused with the Spine-crowned Clubtail; in fact, several former reports and photos listed as Banner Clubtail have been re-evaluated and determined to be Spine-crowned Clubtail. It is likely that this species has declined in the state since the time of Cuyler's collecting efforts; there are relatively few reports since the 1980s in the northern half of the range in the state (north of Moore and Sampson counties). Notable recent range extensions were made by Richard Stickney, who photographed the Banner Clubtail from Surry County in 2019; and by John Petranka, who added new records for Granville County, along the Tar River, in spring 2021.

It still probably should remain on the Watch List, as there is a lack of records from much of the former range (e.g., the southwestern Piedmont and the central Coastal Plain) as documented by Duncan Cuyler with his older collections. In late 2020, the N.C. Natural Heritage Program moved the rank to straight S3, though it stays on the Watch List.
State Rank S3
State Status W
Global Rank G3G4
Federal Status
Synonym Gomphus apomyius
Other Name
Species account update: LeGrand on 2023-01-10 10:29:05

Photo Gallery for Banner Clubtail   16 photos are shown. Other NC Galleries:    Jeff Pippen    Will Cook    Ted Wilcox
Photo 1 by: Harry LeGrand. Lori Arent

Comment: Richmond; C, 2022-04-28, many Sandhills locales - Drowning Creek at Hoffman Road; photo by Lori Arent
Photo 2 by: Matt Spangler

Comment: Scotland, 2022-04-10, Lumber River--Turnpike Rd to SP at Chalk Banks (by kayak) - most teneral
Photo 3 by: John Petranka

Comment: Granville, 2021-04-28, Tar River at Wilton Slopes - Males
Photo 4 by: Denise Williams

Comment: Robeson, 2021-04-17, Lumber River State Park Princess Ann Access. iNaturalist record # 74637232 entered by John Petranka - Male
Photo 5 by: Richard Stickney

Comment: Surry, 2019-05-27, Mitchell River at SR 1330 - Male on rocks in river, significant range extension, confirmed by several
Photo 6 by: Richard Stickney

Comment: Surry, 2019-05-27, Mitchell River at SR 1330 - Male on rocks in river, significant range extension, confirmed by several
Photo 7 by: R.Emmitt, H. LeGrand, J. Pippen

Comment: Richmond; C, 2019-04-28, Hoffman Road at Drowning Creek
Photo 8 by: R.Emmitt, H. LeGrand, J. Pippen

Comment: Richmond; C, 2019-04-28, Hoffman Road at Drowning Creek
Photo 9 by: Jeff Pippen, Randy Emmitt, Harry LeGrand

Comment: Moore; C, 2019-04-28, A handful flying around creek under bridge at county line (with Richmond County); one dead in water, some perched on rocks, gravel, and trees
Photo 10 by: Richard Stickney

Comment: Scotland, 2018-04-22, Lumber River State Park, Chalk Banks - Teneral, 1 each sex
Photo 11 by: Mark Shields and Hunter Phillips

Comment: Hoke, 2018-04-05, Wagram Boating Access Area, Lumber River - teneral
Photo 12 by: Mark Shields and Hunter Phillips

Comment: Scotland, 2018-04-05, Lumber River State Park (LURI) - Chalk Banks - recently emerged tenerals
Photo 13 by: Mark Shields and Hunter Phillips

Comment: Scotland, 2018-04-05, Lumber River State Park (LURI) - Chalk Banks - recently emerged tenerals
Photo 14 by: Mark Shields, John Petranka

Comment: Bladen, 2017-04-17, South River at Sloan's Bridge
Photo 15 by: Mark Shields

Comment: Bladen, 2017-04-16, South River at Sloan's Bridge
Photo 16 by: Mark Shields

Comment: Sampson, 2017-04-16, South River at Sloan's Bridge