The Dragonflies and Damselflies of North Carolina
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Checklist for North Carolina
Complete 14th Approximation
NC Biodiversity Project
North Carolina's 189 Odonate species
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[ Undocumented ]
Related Species in GOMPHIDAE:
Aphylla williamsoni - Two-striped Forceptail
Arigomphus pallidus - Gray-green Clubtail
Arigomphus villosipes - Unicorn Clubtail
Dromogomphus armatus - Southeastern Spinyleg
Dromogomphus spinosus - Black-shouldered Spinyleg
Dromogomphus spoliatus - Flag-tailed Spinyleg
Erpetogomphus designatus - Eastern Ringtail
Gomphurus dilatatus - Blackwater Clubtail
Gomphurus fraternus - Midland Clubtail
Gomphurus hybridus - Cocoa Clubtail
Gomphurus lineatifrons - Splendid Clubtail
Gomphurus septima - Septima's Clubtail
Gomphurus vastus - Cobra Clubtail
Gomphurus ventricosus - Skillet Clubtail
Hagenius brevistylus - Dragonhunter
Hylogomphus abbreviatus - Spine-crowned Clubtail
Hylogomphus adelphus - Mustached Clubtail
Hylogomphus apomyius - Banner Clubtail
Hylogomphus parvidens - Piedmont Clubtail
Hylogomphus viridifrons - Green-faced Clubtail
Lanthus vernalis - Southern Pygmy Clubtail
Ophiogomphus aspersus - Brook Snaketail
Ophiogomphus edmundo - Edmund's Snaketail
Ophiogomphus howei - Pygmy Snaketail
Ophiogomphus incurvatus - Appalachian Snaketail
Ophiogomphus mainensis - Maine Snaketail
Ophiogomphus rupinsulensis - Rusty Snaketail
Phanogomphus australis - Clearlake Clubtail
Phanogomphus borealis - Beaverpond Clubtail
Phanogomphus cavillaris - Sandhill Clubtail
Phanogomphus descriptus - Harpoon Clubtail
Phanogomphus diminutus - Diminutive Clubtail
Phanogomphus exilis - Lancet Clubtail
Phanogomphus lividus - Ashy Clubtail
Phanogomphus quadricolor - Rapids Clubtail
Progomphus bellei - Belle's Sanddragon
Progomphus obscurus - Common Sanddragon
Stenogomphurus consanguis - Cherokee Clubtail
Stenogomphurus rogersi - Sable Clubtail
Stylogomphus albistylus - Eastern Least Clubtail
Stylogomphus sigmastylus - Interior Least Clubtail
Stylurus amnicola - Riverine Clubtail
Stylurus ivae - Shining Clubtail
Stylurus laurae - Laura's Clubtail
Stylurus plagiatus - Russet-tipped Clubtail
Stylurus scudderi - Zebra Clubtail
Stylurus spiniceps - Arrow Clubtail
Stylurus townesi - Townes's Clubtail
Number of records for 2023 = 0
PDF has more details,
e.g., flight data, high counts, and earliest/latest dates can be seen.
by Ted Wilcox
Move the cursor over the image, or tap the image if using a mobile device, to reveal ID Tips.
Note: these identification tips apply to both sexes. Female depicted here.
[Global Biodiversity Information Facility]
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This is a Northern species, apparently with a disjunct population in the southern Appalachians. In NC, it is found primarily in the northern mountains (next to the VA state line), with an outlier record from Haywood County.
Very rare (only one recent record) in the vicinity of the New River in Ashe and Alleghany counties, and certainly very rare to absent farther southward in the mountains. This is especially true in that all known daily counts are of just a single individual. This is clearly one of the state's rarest dragonflies for which there is a definite recent record; there are a handful of other dragonflies that are just as rare (or rarer) for which there are no certain records in the past 20 years and thus might actually have been extirpated from the state.
Probably the latter part of May into most of June. The only NC dates available are for a very narrow period of 5-13 June, though of course the flight period must surely be a month or more.
Not surprisingly, it breeds in clear, rocky rivers or streams, but Dunkle (2000) says these waters are "in the open", with brushy margins.
Adults forage both near water and in fields and woodland roads/trails. Males perch on rocks in the rivers/creeks and elsewhere.
This is another of the many clubtails that is very poorly known in the state, in part because the southern edge of the range apparently includes only a relatively few counties (in the mountains). Ted Wilcox's record came from the New River, as did a collection record from Duncan Cuyler. (Thus, the habitat as written in most guides is not strictly "brooks" or "streams", but it can be larger rivers such as the New.) Biologists looking for clubtails in the mountains always should check first alongside the largest and rockiest rivers available -- in the case of Ashe and Alleghany counties, it is the New River. Sadly, quite a few biologists have searched this river in the past decade, coming up short on this and a few other rare clubtails (such as Pygmy Snaketail). Nonetheless, there are several major forks of this river, and dozens of miles of likely suitable habitat; there are still opportunities to discover these rare snaketails!
Species account update: LeGrand on 2021-12-22 11:42:19
Photo Gallery for Brook Snaketail
1 photos are shown.
Other NC Galleries:
Photo 1 by: Ted WIlcox
Comment: Alleghany, 2007-06-13, New River State Park, female