Arachnids of North Carolina
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Allocosa furtiva
a wolf spider
Carapace dark red brown to black, sometimes iridescent, with few setae. Sternum dark brown. Chelicerae black. Legs dark red brown to black, sparsely covered with setae; femora and tibiae each with...moist litter on beaches. A few are from the ground in mesic, hardwood areas or in sugarcane fields..........
Allocosa absoluta
a wolf spider
Carapace dark red brown to black, usually mottled with dull yellow or orange yellow, sometimes with pale median band and submarginal rows of pale spots (Fig. 38); pale median band sometimes enclos...Grass and litter in swamps or at the edge of lakes, from pine forests, and from beaches and dunes..........
Allocosa sublata
a wolf spider
Carapace dark red brown to black, sometimes iridescent, darker at margins, with few setae. Sternum orange brown. Chelicerae dark red or red brown. Legs dark orange or red brown, sparsely covered w...soil and litter samples in moist woods.........
Allocosa mulaiki
a wolf spider
Carapace dark red brown to nearly black, sometimes iridescent, darker at margins, with few setae. Sternum orange brown. Chelicerae dark red or red brown. Legs dark orange or red brown, sparsely co...Grassy fields, lake margins, bogs, swamps, and a pine forest.........
Allocosa funerea
a wolf spider
Carapace dark red to black, often paler posteriorly, minutely and evenly punctate, with few setae. Sternum dark brown. Chelicerae dark red brown to black, paler distally. Legs with femora black, w...In grassy fields, meadows, lawns, gardens, and pine forests. A few were found wandering indoors.........
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Yunohamella lyrica
a cobweb spider
described as Theridion Lyricum (Walckenaer 1841); has also been known as: T. lyra, T. Kentuckyense, Allotheridion lyricum, and Takayus lyricus.Abdomen has white median band with large black areas adjacent anteriorly; posteriorly, the black are appears as a series of spots....forest understory, forest edge.........
Eustala cepina
an orbweaver
Smaller but can resemble E. anastera, legs slightly banded, abdomen is triangular almost as wide as long; it may lack dorsal pattern, or have longitudinal line down the middle. The three species repo...low vegetation near stream, lake shores, fields, pine dunes, ponds, gardens, oak (seems to prefer wetter areas than anastera)...Sweep netting.......
Theridion flavonotatum
a cobweb spider
Consistently thick red bar on top of Prosoma...old field; small tangle web at top of plant.........
Appaleptoneta coma
a cave spider
The color and general conformation is like the species silvicultrix and gertschi but the males can be easily distinguished by the palp and its peculiar specialized hairs and spines. The tarsus of t...Sifting leaves by rivers near Gatlinburg.........
Appaleptoneta gertschi
a cave spider
The ground color is yellowish white overlaid by a granular brownish purple. The darkest parts are the sternum, edges of thorax, venter and sides of the abdomen. The dorsum of the abdomen shows a fai...forest; in leaf litter.........
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Coras cavernorum
a funnel weaver
Cephalothorax with the usual markings. A dark line from posterior lateral eyes to an elongated hexagonal light area which has its posterior point on the outside of a dark hexagonal area which ends l...Small caves.........
Coras juvenilis............
Hentzia mitrata
a jumping spider
...lake edge, sweeping shrubs.........
Nesticus cooperi
Lost Nantahala Cave Spider
Syn Nesticus reclusus.........S1 G1...
Nesticus mimus
a cave cobweb spider
2023 Hedin, published this species only in VA, TN. Not in NC..........S2? G2...
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Nesticus stupkai
a cave cobweb spider
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Nesticus coylei
a cave cobweb spider
2023 Hedin, published name now Nesticus bondi............
Leucauge venusta
orchard orbweaver
The type for this species, Linyphia (Leucauge) argyrobapta White,1841, was based on a specimen collected by Charles Darwin (the only spider he's known to have documented!) during the voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle, which specimen was subsequently lost after publication of its description.

A neotype was not established until 2010 when one based on specimens collected in the type locality was established. At that time, L. venusta was declared a senior synonym of L. argyrobapta, but in 2018, argyrobapta was removed from that synonymy, and is now recognized as a separate species. These two species are grossly differentiated by geographic range (venusta is more northern and found in temperate climes, while argyrobapta is typically more tropical and coastal).

Although there may be some generalized marking difference, more precise determination requires microscopic examination of the genitalia. "Surprisingly,", according to Ballesterosa and Hormiga, 2018,these are not sister species, as their "estimated age of divergence implies that the morphologies in this two species...have remained seemingly invariable for at least 10 million years.

At this writing (2023) we (NCBP) are considering to be venusta those specimens having a single, crescent shaped ventral spot anterior to the spinnerets. (https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/arachnid/...Shrubby meadows, forest edge, urban and suburban settings (Rose, 2022)..........
Octonoba sinensis...In and around human structures.........
Schizocosa floridana
a wolf spider
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Latrodectus variolus
Northern black widow
Females are shiny black, brown-black, with possibly a row of red spots on the top of the abdomen along the midline. Two reddish triangles resembling an hourglass are present on the underside of the ab...Dry forest with sheltered or shady locations. .........
Geolycosa pikei
a burrowing wolf spider
Male: dorsal stripe as wide as posterior eye quadrangle behind the posterior lateral eyes, narrows to the cervical groove and is indistinct from there posteriorly; carapace covered with gray pubescenc...Coastal sand dunes, but also away from coast.......[GNR] S3S4...
Trichonephila clavipes
Golden Silk orbweaver
Female has elongated yellow-orange abdomen with white spots and prosoma covered in white hairs. Male orange with black mottling. Legs with orange and black bands....Moist forests.........
Microhexura montivaga
Spruce-fir Moss Spider
Brownish-yellow to a dark reddish brown. One set of spinnerets very long and curling upward....high-elevation spruce-fir forests; found under moss growing on rocks......Arachnids are not given any protection under state law.G1 S1Federally endangered; endemic to North Carolina and adjacent Tennessee...
Crossopriza lyoni
a cellar spider
Abdomen pointed. Prosoma light gray with dark center line....Mostly synanthropic (lives on, or near, human habitations)..........
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Liocranoides coylei...Caves and woodland areas around rock faces.........
Mangora placida
tuftlegged orbweaver
Abdomen is pale with a dark area in the center, widening towards the rear. There are two rows of three black or dark brown spots along the edge of the dark folium on the abdomen. There is usually a ...Low understory vegetation of deciduous forests, fields and tall grasses....Visual observation, sweep netting.......
Theridion glaucescens
a cobweb spider
...forest.........
Tutelina n sp 2
a jumping spider
Waiting to be described............
Maevia intermedia
a jumping spider
Smaller adult size than other Maevia, mature in spring and early summer. White/yellowish line through AMEs....Likely Sandhills and lower coastal plain in NC.........
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Emblyna sublata
a mesh web spider
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Philodromus praelustris
Canadian crab spider
...Cary, Wake County.........
Maevia undescribed species D
Maevia undescribed species D
To be described by GB EdwardsThis species is dimorphic, and has been found from ~ 3000-4600', mostly on Rhododendron maximum, but recently also on a broad leaved Solidago. Females and juveniles tend to have a black head where the...Most Maevia like shrubs (like rhododendron), tree saplings (eg white oak), and vines (eg grapevine) with large leaves.........
Hypochilus pococki
A Lampshade Spider
H. pococki has been seperated into four clades, western, central, elk and northeast. See clade accounts for ranges....sheltered rock outcrops in forest; lampshade web ......G4G5 S4...
Theridion frondeum
a cobweb spider
Thick black stripe on carapace...forest understory, forest edge, old field; small web under live leaf.........
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Parasteatoda tepidariorum
common house spider
Described by Koch in 1841 as Theridion t., it has also been named Therideum t., and Achearanea t. Its placement in Parasteatoda based on its secondary genital organs (Saaristo, 2006) is considered "controversial" (Eberhard, 2020) by some, and thus may be considered fluid at this writing (Jan 2021). Colors are extremely variable, from black to white and almost everything in between. The abdominal pattern is notably mottled, sometimes appearing reticulated. Males characteristically have reddish le...rock outcrops, buildings, windows, corners of rooms..........
Rhomphaea fictilium
a cobweb spider
............
Strotarchus piscatorius
a longlegged sac spider
...forest; retreat under loose bark.........
Tetragnatha versicolor
a longjawed orbweaver
...old field (where wet), marsh, along streams.........
Pardosa milvina
a thinlegged wolf spider spider
...forest edge; old field .........
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Barronopsis texana
a funnel weaver
Originally described as Agelena texana by Gertsch in 1934, it was moved to Agelenopsis, and most recently to Barronopsis by Lehtinen (1967) who "elevated Barronopsis to genus level and, although he provided no rationale" the genus has been retained (Stocks,2009). Coloration variable, generally dusky gray or tan background with light black mottling, occasionally with reddish or burgundy coloration on abdomen. Carapace coloration also variable, from prominent lo...Temperate pine-hardwood forests and pine-hemlock forests. Exploits human-made structures and landscapes, and frequently abundant in lower latitudes on picnic tables, wooden handrails and fences, and .........
Mimetus puritanus
a pirate spider
...on outside of building; meadow.........
Wamba crispulus............
Agelenopsis utahana
a grass spider
Agelenopsis utahana has enjoyed a relatively stable taxonomic history since having been originally described as Agelena utahana by Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933. It has remained in Agelenopsis since 1941.This is a yellow to reddish brown species, not as dark as A. naevia (q.v.). Both the sternal "V" mark and the ventral abdominal band are faintly—if at all—indicated. ...deep woods, forest edge; forest floor vegetation or tree stumps; funnel/sheet web.........
Agelenopsis pennsylvanica
a grass spider
Agelenopsis pennsylvanica has enjoyed a relatively stable taxonomic history since having been originally described as Agelena pennsylvanica by C.L. Koch, 1843. It changed names a few times in the 19th Century, but has remained in Agelenopsis since 1941.This is the grayist of our 5 known NC species. The abdomen is often a variegated brown, with a lighter, often rusty-colored central band distinct markings. Has a distinct, dusky "V" shaped sternum mar...old field, meadows, grassy areas, occasionally in open woods and on human structures; funnel/sheet web.........
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Agelenopsis naevia
a grass spider
Agelenopsis naevia has a relatively stable taxonomic history, having been originallly described as Agelena naevia by Walckenaer, 1841. It changed names a few times in the 19th Century, but has been stable in Agelenopsis since 1941.This is probably the most common as well as the largest and darkest of our 5 known NC Agelenopsis species. The abdomen is often brown and lacking distinct markings. It also often lacks the "V" shaped ...road, rock outcrops, stone walls open fields, shrubs and bushes; funnel/sheet web.........
Agelenopsis kastoni
a grass spider
Agelenopsis kastoni has a stable taxonomic history, having been described as such by Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941.A. kastoni is grayish in color with a broad dark band on the abdominal venter that my be represented by two dark lines bordering a light area (similar to A. emertoni, q.v.). A "V" shaped mark on its s...mature forest, funnel in low branches; captured in pitfall trap in pine stand with young hardwoods.........
Agelenopsis emertoni
a grass spider
Agelenopsis emertoni has a stable taxonomic history, having been described as such by Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935.A. emertoni is generally yellowish in color and may have a broad dark band on the abdominal venter; if present, it is usually not as dark as on other species--more commonly, it is two thin lines with ...Usually taken in old fields and meadows; funnel/sheet web.........
Cheiracanthium mildei
a longlegged sac spider
............
Cheiracanthium inclusum
agrarian sac spider
"Cheiracanthium are distinguished from the closely related species of Clubiona by lacking a conspicuous dorsal groove in the midline of the carapace, the lack of a cluster of long curved erect setae a...bog .........