Arachnids of North Carolina
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Phrurotimpus umbratilis
a phrurolithid
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Scotinella fratrella............
Ceraticelus minutus
a dwarf spider
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Eridantes erigonoides...Leaf litter, grasses and bushes. Kaston (1948) reports its collection from fences whilst ballooning..........
Mermessus maculatus
a dwarf spider
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Scotinella redempta............
Thymoites marxi
a cobweb spider
Also found in older literature as Paidisca marxifemale abdomen orange-white except for darker orange sclerotized areas and small spots at bases of setae (four dorsal sclerotized spots, sclerotized rings around spinnerets); sometimes with dusky dors............
Lathys maculina
a mesh web spider
...SC; riverside forest .........
Origanates rostratus
a dwarf spider
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Erigone autumnalis
a dwarf spider
...old field; sifted from moss near ditch ...Johnston Co. specimen taken in Berlese sample of soil & leaf litter on concrete at foot of residential steps.......
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Anyphaena maculata
a ghost spider
Darker in color than A. pectorosa, the chelicerae are darker than the body. The cephalothorax has thin, dark lines extending back from the eyes in the cephalic region to a ring of dark around the tho............
Castianeira crocata
Red-spotted antmimic
At this point we aren't sure we can separate C. crocata & C. descripta. It's possible that the red mark goes all the way to the rear in C. descripta and stops short in C. crocata. Also, males of C. de............
Schizocosa floridana
a wolf spider
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Pholcus phalangioides
Longbodied cellar spider
First described as Aranea phalangoides Fuesslin, 1775 (gender masculine), 30 years later, in 1805, Walkenaer erected the genus Pholcus, with phalangioides as its type.Extremely long legs (6-8 times longer than the body), pale in color, usually upside down in a web....Dark, often dank locations: dark corners, under shelves, in cellars, caves, mines and garages.........
Pardosa milvina
Shore spider
...forest edge; old field .........
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Trachelas volutus
a Broad-faced Sac Spider
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Eris militaris
Bronze jumping spider
...forest (in Rhododendron maximum), old field.........
Sergiolus unimaculatus
a ground spider
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Philodromus keyserlingi
a running crab spider
...SC; riverside forest .........
Phrurotimpus borealis
a phrurolithid
...old field, forest.........
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Naphrys pulex
a jumping spider
Habrocestum pulex was transferred to the new genus Naphrys by Edwards in 2002....forest, rock walls, exterior walls of buildings, grass and leaves on ground.........
Spermophora senoculata
Short-bodied cellar spider
S. domestica synonymized w. senoculata...Durham.........
Marpissa lineata
a jumping spider
...old field.........
Anyphaena pectorosa
a ghost spider
Anyphaena pectorosa L.Koch, 1886 has also been named A. calcarata and Gayenna p.Tan, with dark chelicerae. Cephalothorax has dark stripes and two longitudinal, lines. The dorsum of the abdomen has scattered spots with two anterior lines. Legs are banded....forest, forest edge, bog, low foliage.........
Drassyllus aprilinus
a ground spider
Described by Banks as Zelotes aprilinus in 1904, it was transferred to newly erected genus Drassyllus by Chamberlin in 1922.Specific determination of the genus Drassyllus requires analysis of the genitalia, as colors and markings are inconsistent....Under leaves, logs, etc. Generally on the ground..........
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Ozyptila distans
a crab spider
Male—Total length approximately 3-3 .5 mm. Carapace L59 ± 0.12 mm wide (1 9 specimens). Carapace dark red-brown with yellow eye area and V-shaped mark at dorsal groove ; lateral areas divided by yel...Sphagnum bog, hazel swamp, old fields and pine litter..........
Ozyptila monroensis
a crab spider
...forest, abandoned fields and from leaf mold and litter in oak, maple, or basswood forest. .........
Modysticus floridanus
a crab spider
Previously Ozyptila floridanaMale—Total length approximately 2 .5 mm. Carapace 1 .43 to 1 .49 mm wide (mean of three specimens 1 .46 mm). Median ocular quadrangle slightly longer than wide or equa l in length and width, slightl............
Pirata aspirans
a pirate wolf spider
Description of male .—From the E. S . George Reserve, Livingston Co ., Michigan, VIII-3-51, H.K .W. 1448 . Carapace 2.07 mm long, 1 .55 mm wide, with a wide marginal light area and the usual tuning-...old field, roadside vegetation, swamps, bogs, ponds and marshes..........
Pirata sylvanus
a pirate wolf spider
Male Dorsum of abdomen heavily pigmented, with light hastate area and indications of paired light spots. Coxae and endites light amber , unpigmented ; labium and venter lightly pigmented ; sternum l......pitfall traps......
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Pirata montanus
a pirate wolf spider
Description of female. Carapace 3 .0 mm long, 2.1 mm wide, with a wide dorsal light colored band that extends from the posterior margin o f carapace, becoming wider as it approaches the posterior la...forest, mesic slope, bogs, oak mesic forest, .........
Piratula minuta
a pirate wolf spider
Male carapace dusky, with no tuning-fork pattern, lighter in front of cervical groove and along margins of carapace, but not presenting a distinct marginal light area sharply set off from the sides ...old field, forests, wet areas, margins of ponds.........
Trebacosa marxi
a wolf spider
Male with indistinct, wide submarginal light band and tuning-fork mark that is broken up into paired segments (Fig . 199). General body color in alcohol amber. Dorsum with distinct light-colored hasta...wet swampy shady areas, damp old fields.........
Pirata hiteorum
a pirate wolf spider
his small spider somewhat resembles P. minutus in appearance ; however, the front legs are not dark in the male as they are in P . minutus . At first glance th e epigynum looks like that of P. minut...No record of P. hiteorum being taken near water. Most of the records are from under rocks, meadows, old fields. ...Pitfall traps.......
Pirata alachuus
a pirate wolf spider
A small spider, with a wide marginal light band on the carapace, otherwise resembling P. sedentarius in pattern, and indistinct annulae on legs. Anterior eye row slightly procurved, slightly narrowe...P. alachuus is not as riparious as most Pirata. It is not confined to the margins of ponds and streams and throughout its range may be found in leaf litter of mesic woods, in cultivated fields or so...Pitfall traps, litter sifting.......
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Pirata spiniger
a pirate wolf spider
Male Carapace 2 .20 mm long, 1 .57 mm wide, without markings . Legs and carapace from above amber in color ,dorsum of abdomen light yellow, almost white in color . Ventrally there is no pattern, the s...Dry forests, mixed pine and hardwood, oak, turkey oak....Pitfall traps, litter sifting.......
Pirata sedentarius
a pirate wolf spider
Male Carapace 2.80 mm long, 2 .00 mm wide . The body and legs are very light amber color and the legsare conspicuously hirsute . Dorsally there is almost no pigment pattern and ventrally th e animal ...forest edge; near water.........
Pirata suwaneus
a pirate wolf spider
Male Carapace 1 .65 mm long, 1 .22 mm wide, with a submargina l light band and the usual tuning-fork pattern . Dorsum heavily pigmented, with a light hastate mark over the heart. Sternum, coxae, lab...In North Carolina it was collected in pitfall traps in a variety o f situations . Barnes (1953) demonstrated a definite habitat distribution for P . suwaneus in non-forest maritime communities at Be.........
Piratula insularis
a pirate wolf spider
usual tuning-fork pattern on the carapace. Dorsum with distinct hastate mark and no indication of white patches of scale sas in P. piraticus . Basic color of body and legs amber ; legs not banded . V...marsh, forest edge, bog, swamp, river and pond edges..........
Pirata iviei
a pirate wolf spider
Male holotype .-Carapace 1 .8 mm long, 1 .32 mm wide, with the usual tuning-fork pattern and a submarginal light band but the marginal pigment is very scant y and discontinuous. (Fig. 67). Ventral s...collected in a pitfall in "hardwood bottom land".........
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Pirata apalacheus
a pirate wolf spider
wide marginal light area, narrowly and unevenly pigmented along the edges, the usual tuning-for k mark fading out between the eyes (Fig . 20). Anterior eye row distinctly procurved, much narrower t............
Ummidia rongodwini
a cork-lid trapdoor spider


Godwin, R. L. & Bond, J. E. (2021). Taxonomic revision of the New World members of the trapdoor spider genus Ummidia Thorell (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Halonoproctidae). ZooKeys 1027: 1-65.

Bond, J.E. and N.I. Platnick A taxonomic review of the trapdoor spider genus Myrmekiaphila (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Cyrtaucheniidae)

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Ummidia neilgaimani
a cork-lid trapdoor spider


Godwin, R. L. & Bond, J. E. (2021). Taxonomic revision of the New World members of the trapdoor spider genus Ummidia Thorell (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Halonoproctidae). ZooKeys 1027: 1-65.

Bond, J.E. and N.I. Platnick A taxonomic review of the trapdoor spider genus Myrmekiaphila (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Cyrtaucheniidae)

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Ummidia carabivora
a cork-lid trapdoor spider


Godwin, R. L. & Bond, J. E. (2021). Taxonomic revision of the New World members of the trapdoor spider genus Ummidia Thorell (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Halonoproctidae). ZooKeys 1027: 1-65.

Bond, J.E. and N.I. Platnick A taxonomic review of the trapdoor spider genus Myrmekiaphila (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Cyrtaucheniidae)

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Ummidia audouini
a cork-lid trapdoor spider


Godwin, R. L. & Bond, J. E. (2021). Taxonomic revision of the New World members of the trapdoor spider genus Ummidia Thorell (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Halonoproctidae). ZooKeys 1027: 1-65.

Bond, J.E. and N.I. Platnick A taxonomic review of the trapdoor spider genus Myrmekiaphila (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Cyrtaucheniidae)

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Ummidia unidentified species
a cork-lid trapdoor spider


Godwin, R. L. & Bond, J. E. (2021). Taxonomic revision of the New World members of the trapdoor spider genus Ummidia Thorell (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Halonoproctidae). ZooKeys 1027: 1-65.

Bond, J.E. and N.I. Platnick A taxonomic review of the trapdoor spider genus Myrmekiaphila (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Cyrtaucheniidae)

...forest edge.........
Pirata piraticus
Pirate Otter Spider
Varying amounts of white on abdomen and carapace. Legs without banding, and have a greenish cast....Edges of lakes, ponds marshes, streams, etc. Nash County, NC specimen collected in a well irrigated strawberry field—damp, but not muddy..........
Epiceraticelus mandyae
a dwarf spider
...Leaf litter in mature pine and oak forests.........
Thymoites unimaculatus
a cobweb spider
there's a northern and a southern form: female epigyna with little variation, however there is great variation in the palps of the southern males. In northern specimens, the abdomen is light orange wi............
Thymoites pallidus
a cobweb spider
female carapace yellow with some duskiness in center and with eye region sometimes black; sternum and legs yellow. Abdomen yellowish with black spots or lines on dorsum (see fig. 363 in Levi 1957a). T............