Arachnids of North Carolina
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View Gnaphosidae Members: NC Records

Drassyllus aprilinus (Banks, 1904) - a ground spider


Taxonomy
Order: ARANEAEInfraorder: AraneomorphaeFamily: Gnaphosidae                                                                                 
Comments: Described by Banks as Zelotes aprilinus in 1904, it was transferred to newly erected genus Drassyllus by Chamberlin in 1922.
Identification
Online Description/Photos: BugGuide, Google Images, iNaturalist, Wikipedia, GBIFTechnical Description: Platnick, N. I. & Shadab, M. U. (1982a). A revision of the American spiders of the genus Drassyllus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 173: p. 48 Kaston, B. J. (1948). Spiders of Connecticut. Bulletin of the Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey 70: p. 360.
Comments: Specific determination of the genus Drassyllus requires analysis of the genitalia, as colors and markings are inconsistent.
Total Length: Females 4.5±0.51mm; males 3.86±0.22mmAdult ID: identifiable by photo of specific features and/or supplementary info
Structural photos
Distribution in North Carolina
Comments: Connecticut to Texas
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Adult phenology:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Under leaves, logs, etc. Generally on the ground.
Observation Methods:
Abundance/Frequency: not common
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks:
State Protection:
Comments:

Photo Gallery for Drassyllus aprilinus - a ground spider

Recorded by: Carol Tingley
Durham Co.
Comment:
Recorded by: Carol Tingley
Durham Co.
Comment:
Recorded by: Donald ZEPP
Johnston Co.
Comment: Male wandering on porch. Missing leg RII when captured. White markings in photos are light reflections--specimen died before I could re-shoot.
Recorded by: Donald ZEPP
Johnston Co.
Comment: On exterior wall of house. ex situ photos
Recorded by: Donald ZEPP
Johnston Co.
Comment: On exterior wall of house. ex situ photos
Recorded by: Donald ZEPP
Johnston Co.
Comment: On exterior wall of house. ex situ photos