Hoppers of North Carolina:
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Gyponana cana - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- note dense wing venation

© Kyle Kittelberger
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Iassinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A dark green species with extremely dense, finely reticulated wing venation, so reticulate that the longitudinal veins found on the wings of other Gyponana species are not prominent; the clavus (inner region of the wing) is densely reticulate as well, resulting in a continuous, reticulated wing. The pronotum is dark green, largely uniformly colored with the pronotal bands blending in with the rest of the coloration. The size range for males is 7.5-8.5 mm in length; females are typically 8.5-9.5 mm (female Gyponanas tend to be 1.0 mm longer than males, though some are even longer). (Hamilton 1982)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Transcontinental, found throughout North America, especially in the East; also reported from Mexico (Dmitriev)
Abundance: A single record from the Piedmont but likely under collected and therefore more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest, open woodlands.
Plant Associates: ?
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: It is imperative to obtain a clear photo and measurements, as well as an underside view to determine sex for any specimens of heavily reticulated Gyponanas. There are four Gyponana species that can be found in the Southeast that have heavily reticulated wing venation: G. cana, G. procera, G. protenta and G. pruinosa (which does not appear to be a valid species anymore). Of these, P. cana is the smallest (males 7.5-8.5 mm) and G. procera is the largest (males 9.5-10.5 mm). Both pruinosa and protenta are similar in size: males of the former tend to be 8.5-9.5 mm long while males of the latter tend to be 9.0-10.0 mm. However, G. pruinosa is a more southern species, found from OK-GA and therefore less likely to show up in North Carolina. Note that females of these species tend to be 1.0 mm longer than the range given for each species. (BG), (Hamilton 1982).
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Gyponana cana No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: female, 9.3 mm; size, sex, and wings indicate cana rather than protenta
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: female, 9.3 mm; size, sex, and wings indicate cana rather than protenta
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: female, 9.3 mm; size, sex, and wings indicate cana rather than protenta