The Dragonflies and Damselflies of North Carolina
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Checklist for North Carolina
Complete 12th Approximation
NC Biodiversity Project
North Carolina's 189 Odonate species
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[ Undocumented ]
Related Species in GOMPHIDAE:
Aphylla williamsoni - Two-striped Forceptail
Arigomphus pallidus - Gray-green Clubtail
Arigomphus villosipes - Unicorn Clubtail
Dromogomphus armatus - Southeastern Spinyleg
Dromogomphus spinosus - Black-shouldered Spinyleg
Dromogomphus spoliatus - Flag-tailed Spinyleg
Erpetogomphus designatus - Eastern Ringtail
Gomphurus dilatatus - Blackwater Clubtail
Gomphurus fraternus - Midland Clubtail
Gomphurus hybridus - Cocoa Clubtail
Gomphurus lineatifrons - Splendid Clubtail
Gomphurus septima - Septima's Clubtail
Gomphurus vastus - Cobra Clubtail
Gomphurus ventricosus - Skillet Clubtail
Hagenius brevistylus - Dragonhunter
Hylogomphus abbreviatus - Spine-crowned Clubtail
Hylogomphus adelphus - Mustached Clubtail
Hylogomphus apomyius - Banner Clubtail
Hylogomphus parvidens - Piedmont Clubtail
Hylogomphus viridifrons - Green-faced Clubtail
Lanthus vernalis - Southern Pygmy Clubtail
Ophiogomphus aspersus - Brook Snaketail
Ophiogomphus edmundo - Edmund's Snaketail
Ophiogomphus howei - Pygmy Snaketail
Ophiogomphus incurvatus - Appalachian Snaketail
Ophiogomphus mainensis - Maine Snaketail
Ophiogomphus rupinsulensis - Rusty Snaketail
Phanogomphus australis - Clearlake Clubtail
Phanogomphus borealis - Beaverpond Clubtail
Phanogomphus cavillaris - Sandhill Clubtail
Phanogomphus descriptus - Harpoon Clubtail
Phanogomphus diminutus - Diminutive Clubtail
Phanogomphus exilis - Lancet Clubtail
Phanogomphus lividus - Ashy Clubtail
Phanogomphus quadricolor - Rapids Clubtail
Progomphus bellei - Belle's Sanddragon
Progomphus obscurus - Common Sanddragon
Stenogomphurus consanguis - Cherokee Clubtail
Stenogomphurus rogersi - Sable Clubtail
Stylogomphus albistylus - Eastern Least Clubtail
Stylogomphus sigmastylus - Interior Least Clubtail
Stylurus amnicola - Riverine Clubtail
Stylurus ivae - Shining Clubtail
Stylurus laurae - Laura's Clubtail
Stylurus plagiatus - Russet-tipped Clubtail
Stylurus scudderi - Zebra Clubtail
Stylurus spiniceps - Arrow Clubtail
Stylurus townesi - Townes's Clubtail
Number of records added in 2021 = 0
PDF has more details,
e.g., flight data, high counts, and earliest/latest dates can be seen.
by Marion Dobbs. 2008-09-11 Gadsden County, FL
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Note: these identification tips apply specifically to mature males; features may differ in immature males and in females.
Click on county for list of all its records for
Strictly the southeastern portion of the state -- the southern 35-40% of the Coastal Plain in particular. It ranges (or ranged) north to Moore, Sampson, and Jones counties. These counties represent (or represented) the northeastern end of the range of this Southeastern species. Sadly, despite much field work in the fall season, no one has re-found the species in the state in recent decades, though it does occur now not far south of the state line in SC.
Formerly (prior to about 1995), it was uncommon; however, there are no more recent records, despite considerable searching (often by canoe and kayak) in the proper season (fall). Thus, as of now, the species is rare at best. Without doubt it has strongly declined, but the reasons are not clear. As a result, the former State Rank of S2S3 was strongly upgraded to S1? in late 2020 by the N.C. Natural Heritage Program. It must still be assumed to occur in the state, as it is found nearby in SC, and as there are records in NC from 10 counties.
One of the very few "autumn-only" dragonflies in NC, though technically it begins it flight in August. The flight in the state occurs between mid-August and mid-October, peaking in late September and early October.
Sandy creeks or small rivers, where waters are clean.
Males typically forage in fields or clearings, perching conspicuously. They patrol over streams in a slow manner, often with some hovering.
This is a dragonfly that likely can be identified in flight over water, owing to the glowing bright yellow or golden-yellow club, its overall yellow color, and the fairly late flight period. The more numerous Russet-tipped Clubtail has a more orange/red club. Several observers, especially Mark Shields, have specifically searched for the species from 2016-2018, with no luck. Thus, the absence of any records since the early 1990s, for a readily identified species, is alarming and almost certainly indicates a clear decline in the state. At least, there are several recent records from the SC Coastal Plain, where the species is obviously less rare than in NC. Odonate enthusiasts are now "trekking" to nearby sites in SC to see this species for the first time; at least, that gives them experience with the species and what to look for (habitats, behavior, etc.) in NC.
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Species account update: LeGrand on 2021-02-05 11:49:37
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