The Dragonflies and Damselflies of North Carolina
Files to Download
Checklist for North Carolina
Complete 12th Approximation
NC Biodiversity Project
North Carolina's 189 Odonate species
Sort Species by:
[ Undocumented ]
Related Species in GOMPHIDAE:
Aphylla williamsoni - Two-striped Forceptail
Arigomphus pallidus - Gray-green Clubtail
Arigomphus villosipes - Unicorn Clubtail
Dromogomphus armatus - Southeastern Spinyleg
Dromogomphus spinosus - Black-shouldered Spinyleg
Dromogomphus spoliatus - Flag-tailed Spinyleg
Erpetogomphus designatus - Eastern Ringtail
Gomphurus dilatatus - Blackwater Clubtail
Gomphurus fraternus - Midland Clubtail
Gomphurus hybridus - Cocoa Clubtail
Gomphurus lineatifrons - Splendid Clubtail
Gomphurus septima - Septima's Clubtail
Gomphurus vastus - Cobra Clubtail
Gomphurus ventricosus - Skillet Clubtail
Hagenius brevistylus - Dragonhunter
Hylogomphus abbreviatus - Spine-crowned Clubtail
Hylogomphus adelphus - Mustached Clubtail
Hylogomphus apomyius - Banner Clubtail
Hylogomphus parvidens - Piedmont Clubtail
Hylogomphus viridifrons - Green-faced Clubtail
Lanthus vernalis - Southern Pygmy Clubtail
Ophiogomphus aspersus - Brook Snaketail
Ophiogomphus edmundo - Edmund's Snaketail
Ophiogomphus howei - Pygmy Snaketail
Ophiogomphus incurvatus - Appalachian Snaketail
Ophiogomphus mainensis - Maine Snaketail
Ophiogomphus rupinsulensis - Rusty Snaketail
Phanogomphus australis - Clearlake Clubtail
Phanogomphus borealis - Beaverpond Clubtail
Phanogomphus cavillaris - Sandhill Clubtail
Phanogomphus descriptus - Harpoon Clubtail
Phanogomphus diminutus - Diminutive Clubtail
Phanogomphus exilis - Lancet Clubtail
Phanogomphus lividus - Ashy Clubtail
Phanogomphus quadricolor - Rapids Clubtail
Progomphus bellei - Belle's Sanddragon
Progomphus obscurus - Common Sanddragon
Stenogomphurus consanguis - Cherokee Clubtail
Stenogomphurus rogersi - Sable Clubtail
Stylogomphus albistylus - Eastern Least Clubtail
Stylogomphus sigmastylus - Interior Least Clubtail
Stylurus amnicola - Riverine Clubtail
Stylurus ivae - Shining Clubtail
Stylurus laurae - Laura's Clubtail
Stylurus plagiatus - Russet-tipped Clubtail
Stylurus scudderi - Zebra Clubtail
Stylurus spiniceps - Arrow Clubtail
Stylurus townesi - Townes's Clubtail
Number of records added in 2021 = 0
PDF has more details,
e.g., flight data, high counts, and earliest/latest dates can be seen.
by Ted WIlcox
Move the cursor over the image, or tap the image if using a mobile device, to reveal ID Tips.
Note: these identification tips apply to both sexes. Female depicted here.
Click on county for list of all its records for
This is a Northern/Appalachian species that ranges south to the mountains of NC. Within the state, it is known from only three mountain counties -- Alleghany, Ashe, and Burke.
Undoubtedly very rare, with hardly any recent records (just two since 1994, from the same area). Dunkle (2000) also considers the species to be "scarce" throughout its range.
The only NC dates available to us are 10 May, 5 June, and 6 June, from Alleghany and Ashe counties. The date(s) for the Burke County record is not known. Thus, the flight is presumed to occur from early May to early to mid-June.
Breeds at large, clear rivers, with sand or gravel bottoms.
Males fly in a bouncy manner low over ripples in the rivers, where they are difficult to observe.
This is the smallest snaketail and one of the smallest of the clubtails, typically well under 1.5 inches in length. As with so many other clubtails, especially those restricted in NC to the mountains, it is practically unknown to most biologists. The New River in Ashe and Alleghany counties is the best spot to look for this and many other rare or poorly known dragonflies in our mountains. Not only is it very rare in NC (with a State Rank of S1), it is also globally rare (with a Global Rank of just G3).
] [Date Spread:
] [No Late Date:
] [Split on Feb:
Species account update: LeGrand on 2021-07-28 15:19:21
Photo Gallery for Pygmy Snaketail
1 photos are shown.
Other NC Galleries:
Photo 1 by: Ted Wilcox
Comment: Alleghany County, 2007-06-06, female